10.1 Evidence for the Prevention of Reading Difficulties

Learning Intentions

After viewing this module session participants will be able to: 

  • Identify the key instructional elements that help prevent reading difficulties
  • Describe the type of research conducted to support such best practices


Watch the session below. 

*Please see the Transcripts resource folder located in Module 0 for a text copy of the transcript from this video. 


  • It is possible to prevent many of the reading problems we see
  • Explicit phonological awareness instruction and explicit letter-sound instruction prevent a large portion of reading difficulties
  • Both whole group and small group instruction had similar prevention effects

Reflect & Connect

Does your school do phonological awareness training and letter-sound training in K-1? If not, why not?